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Metrics details. The prevalence of osteoporosis OP is rapidly increasing. Healthy behaviors are crucial for the management of OP. Application of the information—motivation—behavioral skills IMB model has been verified in various chronic diseases, but this model has not been investigated for behavioral interventions among people with OP. This study aimed to examine factors influencing OP self-management behavior and their interaction paths based on the IMB model.
We conducted a cross-sectional study using a convenience sampling method in 20 community health service centers in Shanghai, China. Predictive relationships between IMB model variables and self-management behaviors were evaluated using an anonymous questionnaire. Structural equation modeling was used to test the IMB model. In total, participants completed the questionnaire, of which Only The model demonstrated the data had an acceptable fit.
This study validated the utility of the IMB model for OP self-management behaviors in this population. Middle-aged and older adult patients with OP have poor self-management behaviors. Enhanced knowledge about OP and is important for improving self-management behaviors. Peer Review reports. Osteoporosis OP is a systemic skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue, with consequent increases in bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture [ 1 ].
With the gradual acceleration of population aging, the prevalence of OP in China is increasing each year. A meta-analysis showed that the prevalence of OP in China was Chronic pain caused by OP seriously interferes with normal daily activities. Given the long-term health damage and large economic losses associated with OP, there is an urgent need to improve the prognosis of OP.
No ideal pharmacological agent has been identified for the treatment of OP [ 5 ], but safe and effective medications are available to reduce the risk for fractures [ 6 ]. However, OP medication adherence remains a major problem. One review that included studies [ 7 ] reported the prevalence of medication adherence ranged from Ross et al. OP is a chronic disease, like diabetes and hypertension [ 11 ]. Management of most chronic illnesses is characterized by extensive responsibility assumed by patients [ 12 ].